The History of Pumpkin Farming: From Ancient Origins to Modern-Day Traditions

Large pumpkin fruit harvest during autumn in ancient times

Pumpkins have been a staple of autumn for centuries, with Jack O’ Lanterns taking center stage. The US reportedly spent over $800 million on these Halloween decorations in 2022. What can we say? We love good carvings mixed with a slice of creativity.

However, did you know the history of pumpkin farming is just as rich as the vibrant orange gourds themselves?

Join us from ancient origins to modern-day traditions as we delve into the fascinating story of pumpkin farming and discover how this humble fruit has become a beloved part of our culture.

From Mexico, With Love


You can trace the origins of pumpkin farming back to ancient civilizations in Central America and Mexico, where wild pumpkin species were already being grown for food.

The indigenous people of these regions were the first to domesticate and selectively breed this plant for massive and more flavorful fruit.

Researchers have uncovered compelling evidence of pumpkin farming dating back thousands of years. Yes, this practice has roots up to 8750 BCE.

Here are places where researchers have found remnants of pumpkin seeds and squashes and their possible origin dates.

  • Mississippi – 1400 BCE
  • Missouri – 4000 BCE
  • Tamaulipas – 7000 BCE
  • Oaxaca – 8750 BCE


Coming to America and Europe

Over time, pumpkin cultivation spread to other parts of North and South America. Many of these indigenous folks saw it as an essential food source thanks to its rugged nature and long storage period.

It was a meal source they could rely on throughout the year, so its popularity was only natural.

As people started to travel and trade, pumpkin farming made its way to Europe and the rest of the world, where farmers also started to grow it. A prayer book written by Anne de Bretagne, the duchess of Brittany, holds the first evidence of its appearance in this region, with the dates being between 1503 and 1508.

With domestication came selective breeding, and pumpkins became more colorful and prominent than their wild counterparts.

Discovering the Uses of Pumpkin


Pumpkin’s versatility as a crop also made it a valuable resource for other uses such as medicine, oil, and even as an ingredient in rituals.

Let’s take a step back in time and discover the fascinating role of pumpkins in ancient civilizations.

1. Culinary Use

Pumpkins have been a staple in human diets for millennia; over time, we’ve come up with multiple delicious ways to enjoy them.


The ancient Aztecs are said to have enjoyed pumpkin seeds as a tasty and satisfying snack.

Native Americans

Native Americans practiced a unique way of cooking this crop, roasting long strips and savoring them as a sumptuous meal.

European Colonists

Contributions to the pumpkin culinary arts weren’t exclusive to ancient civilizations, with European colonists also bringing recipes to the table.

They would begin by cutting off a pumpkin’s top, removing its seeds, and filling it with a sweet mixture of honey, milk, and seasonings before baking it in hot ashes. This meal has since become a classic and beloved dish in American cuisine, which you know as Pumpkin Pie.

2. Medicinal Use

Ancient civilizations believed pumpkins had medicinal properties and used them to treat various ailments.

  • Gastrointestinal Issues: The pumpkin seeds were thought to be beneficial for treating digestive problems such as worms, constipation, and diarrhea.
  • Skin Issues: The flesh of pumpkins were often applied topically to soothe skin irritations, such as burns, wounds, and insect bites.
  • Infections: Pumpkin seeds were used as an antimicrobial agent, with people believing them to help treat urinary tract infections.
  • Respiratory Issues: Some ancient cultures used a poultice made from pumpkin to alleviate chest congestion, sore throats, and asthma.
  • Heart Health: Pumpkin seeds were thought to be beneficial for heart health and were consumed to help lower cholesterol levels and blood pressure.


3. Ritual Use

Ancient civilizations also used pumpkins in religious and cultural rituals. They believed it to possess spiritual significance and often carved and decorated them as offerings to the gods.

4. Decorative Use

Native Americans wove dry pumpkin strips into house mats.

Beautiful pumpkin farm harvest in fall season

Modern-Day Traditions

Here are some popular modern-day pumpkin traditions.

Pumpkin Picking

Many pumpkin farms open their fields to the public during autumn, allowing visitors to pick their crops from the vine.

Friends and family get in on this beloved activity, providing them an excellent opportunity to enjoy the outdoors and create memories together.

Pumpkin Carving

Pumpkin carving is an important American tradition, especially around the Halloween season. You’ll find people creatively creating Jack-o’-Lanterns from this crop during this period, a practice dating back to ancient Ireland history.

Many families and communities participate in pumpkin carving contests, and some farmers even grow this crop’s giant variants, especially for this purpose.

Pumpkin Festivals

Many communities host pumpkin festivals, which often feature pumpkin-themed activities such as carving, decorating, painting, and pumpkin-based foods.

Sometimes these events include other autumnal activities like hayrides, corn mazes, and more.

Parting Shot

Pumpkins have always been a versatile fruit, not just for food but also for other purposes. From ancient civilizations to modern days, they have been essential to human lives.

So next time you enjoy a pumpkin-based dish or see a pumpkin decoration, remember the incredible journey that this humble fruit had to become a staple of our culture. Happy pumpkin farming!”

Morgan Hill Pumpkins

Morgan Hill Pumpkins

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